In the era of the Internet, protecting your organization’s information has become just as important as guarding your property. Information is considered lifeblood of a successful and profitable business, and employees of the organization work as veins and arteries to pass this information through.No matter how large or small your company is, you need to have a plan to ensure the security of your information assets.
Information is one of the most key organization assets. For an organization, information is valuable and should be appropriately protected. Security is to combine systems, operations, and internal controls to ensure integrity and confidentiality of data and operation procedures in an organization.
Information security history begins with the history of computer security. It began back in the 80’s. In 1980, the use of computers had focused on computer centers, where the implementation of a computer security focused on securing physical computing infrastructure that was highly active in the organization. Although the fresh air of the Internet enabled businesses to quickly adopt its technology ecosystem, it also proved to be a great weakness from an information security perspective.
Since then till now there have been cases of stolen data and organization’s losing client’s confidential information. The loss of information no matter in any form affects every structural and behavioral aspect of an organization – a gap in a security fence can permit information to be stolen, a virally infected computer connected to an organization’s network can destroy information, a cup of coffee spilt on a computer keyboard can prevent access to information.
This brings us to the most important question what are the best practices to ensure information security threats are avoided. Do you need the latest security technology adoption in order to protect your network against sophisticated attacks or is it the old techniques and sticking to the basics? The answer lies in ensuring the right implementation of the techniques and technologies that your organization already have in place. Let’s look at the some of the key points which will help you safeguard your organization’s information.
- Follow, Follow & Follow Policies
The organization should establish, implement and maintain the policies about the information security. Policies such as security awareness, risk assessments, virus protection outlines should be made available to the employees. This is to ensure the employees follow the rules to access to the information.
Information security policies are very important in the organization because the information security policy will state the information security requirements. So the organization should review the policy on regular basis in order to meet the demands of organizational security requirement.
- Fostering an Awareness Culture
The security community generally agrees that the weakest link in most organizations’ security is the human factor, not technology. And even though it is the weakest link, it is often overlooked in security programs. Don’t overlook it in yours.
Every employee needs to be aware of his or her roles and responsibilities when it comes to security. Even those who don’t even touch a computer in their daily work need to be included because they could still be targeted by social-engineering attacks designed to compromise your physical security.
Employees should be made aware of routinely cleaning up unnecessary or unsafe programs and software, applying security patches such as small pieces of software designed to improve computer security, and performing routine scans to check for intrusions. They should be aware of the risks that come with the use of technology and not blindly accepting someone will have a solution for the problems they may face.
- Say No to Weak Password
Reusing passwords or using the same password all over the place is like carrying one key that unlocks your house, your car, your office, your briefcase, and your safety deposit box. If you reuse passwords for more than one computer, account, website, or other secure systems, keep in mind that all of those computers, accounts, websites and secure systems will be only as secure as the least secure system on which you have used that password.
Don’t enter your password on unknown systems. One lost key could let a thief unlock all the doors. Remember to change your passwords on a schedule to keep them fresh.
- Network-based Security hardware and software
There may be a champion for security in your organization, but his words are falling on deaf ears. Those situations don’t usually end well. Make sure that your software and hardware defenses stay up to date with new antimalware signatures and the latest patches.
Use firewalls, gateway antivirus, intrusion detection devices, honey pots, and monitoring to screen for DoS attacks, virus signatures, unauthorized intrusion, port scans, and other “over the network” attacks and attempts at security breaches.
Good information security practices can also be a selling point for an organization. Instead of waiting for something bad to happen and then scrambling to fix it and try to repair the damaged reputation and loss of trust, an organization can position itself as the source to trust for their needs in this particular domain due to a good track record and good information security practices.
An information security awareness program is a significant need for any organization that wishes to ensure privacy, security, legitimacy, effectiveness and availability of information assets. The success of the program relies on your employees, managers, peers and subordinates.
At a time when Data is one of the most important asset for your organization, you need to ask yourself how key the information security for you organization is?